Find out more with Bitesize KS2 Geography. The globe can be divided into two hemispheres, east and west; the starting of each hemisphere is at the Prime Meridian, which crosses through Greenwich, London, and represents 0 degrees longitude. The land hemisphere is the hemisphere on the Earth with the highest possible area of land. hemisphere [hem´ĭ-sfēr] half of a spherical or roughly spherical structure or organ. What is a definition of a hemisphere in geography? Because of rotation of the earth along its axis the winds are deflected. Many people often consider it to be a subfield in economics. one of the halves into which the earth is divided. The same rule applies for the other seasons. Definition of Coriolis Force: The direction of surface winds is usually con­trolled by the pressure gradient and rotation of the earth. a half of a sphere. Western Hemisphere, part of Earth comprising North and South America and the surrounding waters. In the northern hemisphere, any object moving over the Earth's surface deflects to the right. prime meridian. The Northern Hemisphere is the half of Earth that is north of the Equator.For other planets in the Solar System, north is defined as being in the same celestial hemisphere relative to the invariable plane of the solar system as Earth's North Pole. 2. Looking for online definition of hemisphere or what hemisphere stands for? See more. Each of the different hemispheres has a name and can help us figure out where places are located on a map or globe. a map or projection representing one of these halves. The majority of Europe is in the Eastern Hemisphere, but a portion of it is contained in the Western Hemisphere. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. Definition and synonyms of hemisphere from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education.. the Western Hemisphere, made up of the Americas and their islands. n. 1. Discover (and save!) Eastern hemisphere definition is - the half of the earth east of the Atlantic Ocean including Europe, Asia, Australia, and Africa. In geography, hemisphere refers to one-half of the earth. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Hemisphere definition: A hemisphere is one half of the earth . Eastern hemisphere definition, the eastern part of the terrestrial globe, roughly extending from the prime meridian east to the antimeridian: sometimes considered synonymous with the Old World, the Eastern Hemisphere technically does not extend into all of western Eurasia and Africa. The Western hemisphere is defined as the area west of the Prime Meridian, but east of the International Date Line. (often cap.) This is the British English definition of hemisphere.View American English definition of hemisphere.. Change your default dictionary to American English. Astronomy The half of the celestial sphere north of the celestial equator. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples your own Pins on Pinterest Eastern Hemisphere, Western Hemisphere, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere. Some geographers, however, define the Western Hemisphere as being the half of Earth that lies west of the Greenwich meridian (prime meridian, 0° longitude) continuing to the 180th meridian. A hemisphere is half of the Earth when we divide it into two equal pieces. noun Coordinates. All Free. Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales, which are part of the United Kingdom, also belong to the Western hemisphere. Cf. Sailors noticed the stillness of the rising (and not blowing) air near the equator and gave the region the depressing name "doldrums." The climatic system most used in geography and climatology is the structure devised by Vladimir Koppen, a German climatologist and botanist. Includes study of regional formations and their relation to humans. . Economic geography is one of the subfields of human geography. Some even consider it a method in economics, so it is easy to see how it can be considered extremely important. The equator is located at 0 degrees latitude and separates the Northern and Southern hemispheres. geometry Any half-sphere, formed by a plane intersecting the center of a sphere. The Northern Hemisphere includes all of North America, the northern reaches of South America, about two-thirds of Africa, all of Asia excluding (parts of Indonesia) and all of Europe. Its main area of study is economic activity. cartography A map or projection of a celestial or terrestrial hemisphere 1706. It includes Europe, Asia, Australia, and Africa. The Southern Hemisphere includes most of South America, one-third of Africa, all of Antarctica, a small sliver of Asia (parts of Indonesia) and all of Australia/Oceania. cerebral hemisphere one of the paired structures constituting the largest part of the brain, which together comprise the extensive cerebral cortex, centrum semiovale, basal ganglia, and rhinencephalon, and contain the lateral ventricle. The land hemisphere has seven eighths of the land on the Earth. The climate of the Northern Hemisphere is different from that of the Southern Hemisphere because of the Earth’s seasonal tilt towards and away from the sun. Eastern Hemisphere, part of Earth east of the Atlantic Ocean and west of North and South America. Learn more. Northern Hemisphere synonyms, Northern Hemisphere pronunciation, Northern Hemisphere translation, English dictionary definition of Northern Hemisphere. Definition of hemisphere noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. home:: earth:: geography:: cartography:: hemispheres hemispheres The globe is divided by convention into four half spheres, using the Greenwich meridian or the Equator as a reference point. The half of the earth north of the equator. It is centered on 47°13′N 1°32′W (near the city of Nantes, France). (geography) Half of the Earth, such as the Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, Western Hemisphere or Eastern Hemisphere, Land Hemisphere, Water Hemisphere etc. 1580s. CLIMATE SYSTEMS. Longitudes 20° W and 160° E are often considered its boundaries. Doldrums . ... hemisphere A hemisphere is half the Earth's surface. An important component of the Northern Hemisphere's physical geography is the Coriolis Effect and the specific direction that objects are deflected in the northern half of the Earth. Geography Definition: Lesson for Kids ... A hemisphere is formed when you cut a sphere in half. The doldrums, usually located between 5° north and 5° south of the equator, are also known as the Intertropical Convergence Zone or ITCZ for short. The Western Hemisphere is a geographical term for the half of Earth which lies west of the prime meridian (which crosses Greenwich, London, United Kingdom) and east of the antimeridian.The other half is called the Eastern Hemisphere.In geopolitical terms, the context in which the term is most often used, the Encyclopedia Britannica defines it as "North and South America and the surrounding waters. Koppen worked with his student Rudolph Geiger on the development of a climate map of the world first introduced in 1928. noun: imaginary line around the Earth running north-south, 0 degrees longitude. hemisphere is listed in the World's largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms ... thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. geography Half of the Earth, such as the Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, Western Hemisphere or Eastern Hemisphere, Land Hemisphere, Water Hemisphere etc. 1550s. The Southern Hemisphere is the half of Earth that is south of the Equator.It contains all or parts of five continents (Antarctica, Australia, about 90% of South America, one third of Africa, and several islands off the continental mainland of Asia), four oceans (Indian, South Atlantic, Southern, and South Pacific) and most of the Pacific Islands in Oceania. hemisphere - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. noun: the Eastern Hemisphere, especially Europe, Asia, and Africa. geography The study of the physical features of the earth. Old World. To help locate where a place is in the world, people use imaginary lines called latitude and longitude. See also brain. Seasons in the Southern Hemisphere are opposite to those in the Northern Hemisphere. Northern Hemisphere. Aug 11, 2018 - This Pin was discovered by Cinde Baker. The other half of the Earth is the water hemisphere.. This would be four fifths of the land area if Antarctica were included in the land area of the World. Longitudes 20° W and 160° E are often considered its boundaries. hemisphere definition: 1. one of two halves of the earth, especially above or below the equator: 2. one of the two halves…. The Earth can be divided into hemispheres, and there are two main ways to make these divisions. For example, under the definition of astronomical seasons, the June solstice marks the start of summer in the Northern Hemisphere, but it is the start of winter in the Southern Hemisphere. Some geographers, however, define the Eastern Hemisphere as being the half of Earth half of the terrestrial globe or celestial sphere, esp. The force which deflects the direction […] right hemisphere. Find the definition of geography terms and phrases. 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