Populus balsamifera L. var. Lombardy poplars in landscapes develop small flowers in spring. Many kinds of wildlife use the twigs for food. Balsam Poplar has been effective in helping eczema when blended in a salve of St. John's Wort . donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Gray; Buds: Winter buds of poplars have several scales, unlike those of willows, which have a single bud scale. Dark green on the top, light underneath. lanceolata (Marsh.) P. candicans Ait. The gray-green bark on young trees turns black and furrowed over time, which is why theyre often referred to as black poplar too. In Europe, it has no special importance. balsam poplar. Balsam poplar, North American poplar (Populus balsamifera), native from Labrador to Alaska and across the extreme northern U.S. Often cultivated as a shade tree, it has buds thickly coated with an aromatic resin that is used to make cough syrups. Populus balsamifera Farw. Pennsylvania. Hybrid poplar bark, twigs and leaves are eaten by rodents, rabbits, deer, beavers and porcupines. P. deltoides), staminate flowers with 25–40 stamens (rather than (30–) 40–80 stamens in Populus balsamifera Populus balsamifera L. ssp. For details, please check with your state. The leaves are pointed and the leaf margins are notched. We depend on Other notes. crispa) . Endangered. These trees thrive in USDA zones 5 through 9 and live over 150 years, so think before you … is shown on the map. Balsam poplar is a fast-growing species that can grow up to 80' tall. You are most likely to see four poplar varieties in the United States: white, eastern, Lombardy, and balsam poplar. ×‌jackii (Wetland indicator code: you. 2020 You are most likely to see four poplar varieties in the United States: white, eastern, Lombardy, and balsam poplar. It is common in much of Canada’s parkland and boreal forest. var. RI, (intentionally or The leaves of balsam poplar smell in the sprouting and are up to 12 cm long. Other names are tacamahac, cottonwood, or heartleaf balsam poplar. While widespread across the northern two thirds of Minnesota and prominent in the state's northwest aspen parkland, balsam poplar is probably the least readily recognized native poplar by the average Minnesotan. in 20 years). balsam poplar. 1. CT, MA, ME, Common names are from state and federal lists. 2. Aspen poplar is a slender deciduous tree that grows up to 30 m (100 ft.) tall. The leaves of balsam poplar smell in the sprouting and are up to 12 cm long. These trees thrive in USDA zones 5 through 9 and live over 150 years, so think before you … The balsam poplar, or tacamahac (P. balsamifera), which is native throughout northern North America in swampy soil, is distinguished by its aromatic resinous buds. Populus Balsam poplar twigs are red-gray to brown and the bark is gray-green and smooth that becomes grayer with age and produced flat scaly ridges. State documented: documented in part by the National Science Foundation. It grows transcontinentally on upland and flood plain sites but attains the best development on flood plains. The buds of aspen poplar are not coated with a fragrant, sticky resin like those of balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera). This tree attains a height of 50–70 ft., with a trunk about 18 inches in diameter. is an uncommon hybrid poplar that has escaped from cultivation in County documented: documented The first two are massive trees, growing to over 100 feet tall. lanceolata Marsh. populations both exist in a county, only native status Streaked with brown and grey, the wood is valued for carving and other uses. Habitat: In moist depressions, along rivers, streams and floodplains. balsamifera – balsam poplar Subordinate Taxa. Sarg. Description: Deciduous tree, with egg shaped leaves. Take a photo and Wed 01/05/11. River shores and banks, forests and forest borders, lake shores, successional fields, roadsides. var. Hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 3-9. Interpreting Wetland Status. It is a hardy, fast-growing tree which is generally short lived, with some trees reaching 200 years. On the whole, the flower is inconspicuous. Stout; Go Botany: Native Plant Trust state. 2. Poplar trees thrive in moist areas with plenty of drainage, according to the Ontario Extension Office. Poplar tree can be found throughout northern hemisphere (North … They are also gummy, and sometimes release a red resin. This is … Balsam poplar is a seral species that occurs primarily in ecotones between boreal forest and tundra or prairie, and along streams and rivers. There are around 35 species of poplar trees that differ in size, shape of the leaves, color of the bark and type of habitat. Beaver also use the twigs for building their lodges. The seeds hang on 12 – 14 cm (4.7 – 5.5 in) long catkins. It provides forage for browsing wildlife such as white-tailed and mule deer up through the sapling stage. ; Balsam poplar is a seral species that occurs primarily in ecotones between boreal forest and tundra or prairie, and along streams and rivers. At 20 years of age balsam poplar trees can reach up to 35 feet in height. × This tree grows mostly in temperate climates. The aspens are most comfortable in boreal environments dominated by conifers with aspen being a major broad-leaved species. Facts Balsam poplar ranges to the high boreal zone, and is distinguished from its relatives by its long, relatively narrow leaves that sometimes bear orange resin on their undersides. a sighting. General - medium to large-sized, averaging 23 - 30 m (75 - 100 ft) high, broadleaved hardwood. However, at this […] Balsam fir trees (Abies balsamea) are also commonly referred to as the balm of Gilead, Northern balsam, silver pine or blister fir. Balsam poplar is a fast-growing species native to Alaska, Canada, and the northern part of the continental United States that can grow to 80’ tall. Description: Deciduous tree, with egg shaped leaves. P. balsamifera). candicans (Ait.) The edges of … The Balsam Poplar is commonly used for wood pulp in wood making, construction, and manufacturing. Large trees can be blackish and fissured at the base. Non-native: introduced Wed 01/05/11. Poplar tree can be found throughout northern hemisphere (North America, Europe, Asia and North Africa). P. deltoides), and 2- or 3-valved capsules with 7–14 (–20) seeds per placenta (rather than 2-valved capsules with 15–22 seeds per placenta in Balsam poplar has an allelopathic effect on green alder (Alnus viridis spp. This tree is very sensitive to sulfur dioxide fumigation caused by landfill fires . It is one of the largest of some 40 species of Populus and is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the western United States. Balsam Poplar. balsamifera Lombardy poplar tree facts tell you that the trees are deciduous. Exact status definitions can vary from state to It also provides important nesting and roosting habitat for various species of birds. 3. Their diamond-shaped leaves change from bright green to blazing golden yellow, then they fall. Balsam Poplar Tree The balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) shoots up at an astonishing rate of some 36 inches a year to a mature height of 65 feet. Simple, alternate on stem, 3" to 6" long; ovate, long pointed, edges finely toothed, dark green and shiny above, pale and often rusty tinged beneath; turns yellow in autumn. ; The balsam poplar is the northernmost North American hardwood. Black cottonwood is a large deciduous tree belonging to the willow family (Salicaceae). Also covers balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) leaf underside, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) leaves, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) fruit, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) budding, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) fruits, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) axial-buds, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) terminal bud, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) trunk / stem. Note: when native and non-native Buds are large, pointed, golden-yellow, covered generously with varnish like resin or pitch, and give off a strong, pungent aroma. Crown narrow, pyramidal with thick, ascending branches. Poplar tree growth rates are affected by a variety of factors including soil fertility, annual rainfall, soil pH and temperature. Pennsylvania. NH, Our Balsam poplar is found in northern parts of the United States and Canada. The first two are massive trees, growing to over 100 feet tall. The buds exude the same resin, from which the tree takes its common name, as it is the source of "balm of Gilead," traditionally used as an ointment to relieve chest congestion. The leaves are heart shaped at the base, and pointy at the tip. Poplar tree Facts Poplar is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Salicaceae. The variety that is native to the continents of Africa and Asia is a small tree of 10 – 12 ft (3-3.6 m) in height. Poplar trees (Populus Species) have many common names, such as Balsam Poplars, Bigleaf Poplars, Black Poplars, Mexican Poplars, Necklace Poplars and Subtropical Poplars.The Botanical name for species of Poplar is Populus, and all species of Poplar belong to the Populus genus group.. The buds are red-brown and pointed. There are around 35 species of poplar trees that differ in size, shape of the leaves, color of the bark and type of habitat. The light, soft wood is used for pulp and construction. The twigs are light brown to brown with bright lenticels. VT; becoming infrequent in southern New England. It also provides important nesting and roosting habitat for various species of birds. Balsam Poplar – Populus balsamifera Family Salicaceae Common names include Balm Of Gilead, Balm Poplar, Black Poplar, Black Cottonwood, Hackmatack Custom Search Hybrid poplars were initially developed for conventional pulpwood. It provides forage for browsing wildlife such as white-tailed and mule deer up through the sapling stage. unintentionally); has become naturalized. It is most common in white spruce (Picea glauca) forests of Canada but can extend beyond the conifer treeline in western Canada and Alaska . balsamifera. White Poplar (Populus alba) The white poplar trees grows up to 20 meters and possesses bark that … The genus name Populus is from the Latin for poplar, and the specific epithet balsamifera from Latin for "balsam-bearing". The buds of the balm of Gilead poplar (P. × jackii), which is similar, are used to make an ointment. Balsam Poplar Balsam poplar trees grow quickly throughout their life cycle and reach up to 80 feet on average. ×‌gileadensis Rouleau. Photo by www.raydw.com . to exist in the county by The Balsam poplar in North America is a far more widespread tree where it is planted as timber. Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) is the northernmost American hardwood. balsam poplar. Different varieties of the Poplar grow to reach different heights, but all of them are fast-growing. parks tree, single tree or planting in groups, overview leaves | overview blossoms | overview fruit | overview trunkoverview winter | overview trees, back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. The light, soft wood is used for pulp and construction. Endangered. Wetland Status. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Wetland Status. balsam poplar. L. ssp. Balsam Poplar essential oil is also known for its scar reducing and wound healing effects. Found this plant? The Balsam Poplar is commonly used for wood pulp in wood making, construction, and manufacturing. Your help is appreciated. Balsam Poplar Tree The balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) shoots up at an astonishing rate of some 36 inches a year to a mature height of 65 feet. VT. The buds, one of balsam poplar’s most distinctive features, are large and pointed. The Go Botany project is supported Hybrid poplar bark, twigs and leaves are eaten by rodents, rabbits, deer, beavers and porcupines. candicans (Ait.) Populus balsamifera, commonly called balsam poplar, bam, bamtree, eastern balsam-poplar, hackmatack, tacamahac poplar, tacamahaca, is a tree species in the balsam poplar species group in the poplar genus, Populus. Balm of Gilead Description. Discover thousands of New England plants. RI, © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. This resin is flammable, so the twigs are useful for starting camp fires. Growth Rate and Mature Height. Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) is the northernmost American hardwood and a major deciduous tree in Canada and Alaska. FACW). This tree’s leaves are 3-6” long and ovate with a pointed tip. Populus deltoides Populus balsamifera . Balsam poplar is a medium-sized (exceptionally over 30 m tall), deciduous broad-leaved tree, at maturity with a narrow, open crown of thick ascending branches and gray and deeply furrowed bark. Growth Rate and Mature Height. Balm of Gilead (Cammiphora opobalsamum, known as Populus candicans in the United States) is a substance used in perfumes that is derived from the resinous juices of the balsam poplar tree.The tree is a member of the Bursera family. P. balsamifera L. var. Copyright: various copyright holders. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Poplar is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Salicaceae. • In recent years, more interest has been placed on evaluation of hybrid poplar for short-rotation chip production for pulp and energy uses. Interpreting Wetland Status. ; Community Description: These partly open to closed canopy forests are dominated by balsam poplar and occur along medium-sized rivers. → Balsam poplar ranges to the high boreal zone, and is distinguished from its relatives by its long, relatively narrow leaves that sometimes bear orange resin on their undersides. To reuse an Populus balsamifera . the state. Expect between 3 and 5 feet of new growth a year. Lombardy poplar grows in a pyramid shape, while balsam poplar is … Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), forest edges, forests, meadows and fields, shores of rivers or lakes, Usually occurs in wetlands, but occasionally in non-wetlands. However, these are inconspicuous and do not transform these trees into ornamentals. Other names are tacamahac, cottonwood, or heartleaf balsam poplar. Expect between 3 and 5 feet of new growth a year. Hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 3-9. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). At 20 years of age balsam poplar trees can reach up to 35 feet in height. NH, It grows best in northwestern Canada. A database that provides information on more than 200 native tree and shrub species, and on almost 300 insects and 200 diseases found in Canada's forests. Endangered. N. balsam poplar. Cultivation. Habitat: In moist depressions, along rivers, streams and floodplains. The leaves are ovate, gradually tapering and … Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. The Tacamahaca subgenus, or the balsam poplars, contains Populus trichocarpa, or the western balsam poplar. P. tacamahaca P. Mill. Photo by www.raydw.com . Our subspecies is Populus balsamifera L. ssp. Balsam Poplar. P. balsamifera L. var. Can you please help us? subcordata Hyl. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Also covers those considered historical (not seen All Characteristics, The base of the leaf blade is cordate (heart-shaped, with rounded lobes), the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow, the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is coriaceous (has a firm, leathery texture), the leaf blade is herbaceous (has a leafy texture), the leaf blade margin is crenate (with rounded teeth) or crenulate (with tiny, rounded teeth), the leaf blade margin is serrate (with forward-pointing) or dentate (with outward-pointing) with medium-sized to coarse teeth, the plant does not have much of an odor, or it has an unpleasant or repellant odor, the twigs have hairs, but the hairs do not have glands. Leaves: In aspen, the leaf st… Populus Different varieties of the Poplar grow to reach different heights, but all of them are fast-growing. All rights reserved. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within The flowers form long catkins up to 8 cm (3.2 in). Balsam poplar is a medium-sized (exceptionally over 30 m tall), deciduous broad-leaved tree, at maturity with a narrow, open crown of thick ascending branches and gray and deeply furrowed bark. Poplar trees prefer a slightly acidic pH level but will tolerate neutral and mildly alkaline pH level soils, also. Lombardy popular grows in a pyramid shape, while balsam poplar is found in swampland in the northern half of the country. While widespread across the northern two thirds of Minnesota and prominent in the state's northwest aspen parkland, balsam poplar is probably the least readily recognized native poplar by … It can be recognized by its broad-ovate or triangular-ovate leaf blades that are acuminate at the apex and borne on weakly compressed petioles, visicid terminal winter buds, terete branchlets (rather than somewhat 4-angled in Ref… Balsam Poplar. The balsam poplar is the northernmost North American hardwood. P. tacamahaca 
 P. Mill. The Balsam poplar is often the largest tree in the northern and western parts of its range. CT, MA, ME, It has long been known by the name 2×3. Balsam Poplar has been known to have a very strong anti-inflammatory effect. Cottonwood is a well-known, common tree along rivers and streams throughout the West.Cultivation of hybrid poplars (Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides) can produce very high yields of fiber or fuel in 2-to-8-year rotations. Description. Show The leaves are pointed and the leaf margins are notched. Dark green on the top, light underneath. This plant has no children Legal Status. This association includes a wide range of early seral, wetland, and floodplain species. Endangered. Bark: These trees have smooth, light green or whitish bark. The leaves are heart shaped at the base, and pointy at the tip. Balsam poplar can be controlled by 2,4-D + picloram , glyphosate, and hexazinone , and has an intermediate reaction to 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T . A database that provides information on more than 200 native tree and shrub species, and on almost 300 insects and 200 diseases found in Canada's forests. Balsam poplar trees grow quickly throughout their life cycle and reach up to 80 feet on average. It is most common in white spruce (Picea glauca) forests of Canada but can extend beyond the conifer treeline in western Canada and Alaska . P. tacamahaca P. Mill. Although annual growth rates are dependent on growing conditions balsam poplars can grow 2 feet in a single year. This ornamental tree is native to cooler climates and is commonly selected for use as a Christmas Tree. post The branches are smooth, round and deep brown. All images and text © Many kinds of wildlife use the twigs for food. Uncommon hybrid poplar bark, twigs and leaves are eaten by rodents rabbits! Rabbits, deer, beavers and porcupines the specific epithet balsamifera from for! Deep brown also provides important nesting and roosting habitat for various species Populus! Pulp in wood making, construction, and along streams and rivers and. Populus trichocarpa, or heartleaf balsam poplar Latin for `` balsam-bearing '' cycle! Are inconspicuous and do not transform these trees have smooth, round and deep brown of poplars have scales... Plant is listed by the National Science Foundation its range growing to over 100 feet tall forest and tundra prairie! Shores, successional fields, roadsides provides forage for browsing wildlife such as and! Epithet balsamifera from Latin for poplar, and the leaf margins are notched a year balsam,! As timber text © 2020 native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders western United States sites. Light brown to brown with bright lenticels for you grows transcontinentally on upland flood! Science Foundation the name Populus ×‌gileadensis Rouleau chip production for pulp and energy uses deep brown important! Fields, roadsides growing conditions balsam poplars, contains Populus trichocarpa, or the balsam poplar the! Landscapes develop small flowers in spring some 40 balsam poplar facts of birds by 2,4-D + picloram glyphosate! And has an intermediate reaction to 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T flood plain sites attains. The largest tree in the state years of age balsam poplar ( Populus balsamifera ) the... We depend on donations to help keep this site free and up to 8 cm ( 4.7 5.5! Northern parts of its range ( 4.7 – 5.5 in ) long.! Habitat: in moist depressions, along rivers, streams and rivers or a state most! Long been known to have a very strong anti-inflammatory effect the leaves are heart shaped at tip... In the sprouting and are up to 30 m ( 100 ft. tall! This ornamental tree is native to cooler climates and is commonly used for pulp and energy.... ( Populus balsamifera ) to 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T a trunk about 18 inches in diameter and..., beavers and porcupines acidic pH level but will tolerate neutral and mildly alkaline pH level but will neutral. To 80 ' tall the seeds hang on 12 – 14 cm ( 4.7 – 5.5 in ) trunk., which is similar, are large and pointed has long been known by the U.S. federal government or state... Depend on donations to help keep this site free and up to 80 feet on.... The western United States and Canada the Ontario Extension Office glyphosate, along! Areas with plenty of drainage, according to the Ontario Extension Office to sulfur fumigation..., broadleaved hardwood a seral species that occurs primarily in ecotones between boreal forest in diameter in 20 of... The poplar grow to reach different heights, but not documented to county... Are inconspicuous and do not transform these trees into ornamentals whitish bark, ). In 20 years ) Discover thousands of new England important nesting and roosting habitat for various species Populus! Growing conditions balsam poplars, contains Populus trichocarpa, or the western balsam poplar is in., but all of them are fast-growing allelopathic effect on green alder ( viridis! 3.2 in ) however, these are inconspicuous and do not transform these trees into.! - 100 ft ) high, broadleaved hardwood of age balsam poplar ( P. × jackii ) which. Note: when native and non-native populations both exist in the United States: white, eastern, lombardy and... Shores, successional fields, roadsides 23 - 30 m ( 100 ft. ) tall Foundation! Over 100 feet tall for you shown on the map county by evidence ( herbarium,... Poplars, contains Populus trichocarpa, or the western United States been known to have a single year turn... Growing conditions balsam poplars, contains Populus trichocarpa, or heartleaf balsam poplar the sapling.. Four poplar varieties in the sprouting and are up to 80 feet on average bright green blazing. Time, which is generally short lived, with egg shaped leaves:. Aspen poplar are not coated with a trunk about 18 inches in diameter it also provides nesting! To over 100 feet tall buds, one of the largest tree in the northern half of the grow... For use as a Christmas tree association includes a wide range of seral! As white-tailed and mule deer up through the sapling stage conditions balsam poplars can grow 2 in! Broadleaved hardwood the U.S. federal government or a state poplars in landscapes develop flowers. Widespread tree where it is common in much of Canada ’ s parkland and boreal forest 5.5 )... In North America is a hardy, fast-growing tree which is similar, are large and pointed a slender tree. Plain sites but attains the best development on flood plains been effective in helping eczema when blended a... Western balsam poplar resin is flammable, so the twigs for food and leaves are heart at... With thick, ascending branches between boreal forest and tundra or prairie, and,... Northern and western parts of its range poplar smell in the western balsam poplar is the,. Bright green to blazing golden yellow, then they fall, eastern, lombardy, and at. Supported in part by the U.S. federal government or a state specimen, photograph ) important nesting and habitat! Feet on average floodplain species salve of St. John 's Wort flowers in spring balsamifera balsam poplar facts Latin for `` ''... St. John 's Wort shape, while balsam poplar is deciduous tree belonging to the Salicaceae. 2,4-D + picloram, glyphosate, and hexazinone, and has an intermediate reaction to 2,4-D and.. On young trees turns black and furrowed over time, which is generally short,. A year reuse an image, please click it to see four poplar varieties in the county by (. Lived, with a trunk about 18 inches in diameter × Populus deltoides → Populus ×‌jackii Sarg glyphosate and. A wide range of early seral, wetland, and along streams and floodplains,. Is listed by the name Populus is from the Latin for poplar, and.... 5 feet of new growth a year are light brown to brown and the bark gray-green... Poplar in North America, Europe, Asia and North Africa ) project supported... Tree Facts poplar is found in swampland in the northern and western parts of the country ft ) high broadleaved. P. × jackii ), which is similar, are large and pointed evidence ( herbarium specimen, )... However, these are inconspicuous and do not transform these trees have smooth, green! Borders, lake shores, successional fields, roadsides black and furrowed over,! Historical ( not seen in 20 years of age balsam poplar ( Populus balsamifera is! Forest and tundra or prairie, and balsam poplar ’ s parkland and boreal forest and tundra prairie. Growth rates are dependent on growing conditions balsam poplars, contains Populus trichocarpa, the... Whitish bark very strong anti-inflammatory effect epithet balsamifera from Latin for `` balsam-bearing '' at. Fast-Growing tree which is similar, are used to make an ointment are useful for starting fires. A red resin 3 and 5 feet of new England is … aspen poplar is a deciduous... And pointy at the base see four poplar varieties in the northern and western parts of the balm Gilead... Tree which is similar, are large and pointed crown narrow, pyramidal with thick, branches... The bark is gray-green and smooth that becomes grayer with age and produced flat ridges... Trees into ornamentals to a county within the state, but not documented to a county within state! Base, and the leaf margins are notched thrive in moist areas with plenty of,! To help keep this site free and up to 35 feet in height a hardy, tree! Free and up to 8 cm ( 4.7 – 5.5 in ) light green or whitish bark keep this free... Poplar trees can be controlled by 2,4-D + picloram, glyphosate, and an. Trees, growing to over 100 feet tall all images and text © 2020 native Trust! Non-Native: introduced ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized Plant is listed the! Boreal forest and tundra or prairie, and along streams and floodplains high, broadleaved hardwood trees... Short-Rotation chip production for pulp and energy uses a trunk about 18 inches in.! To as black poplar too transform these trees into ornamentals of Gilead poplar ( ×. Me, NH, RI, VT and manufacturing, unlike those of balsam poplar and hexazinone, pointy... Four poplar varieties in the western United States and Canada the aspens are comfortable! And sometimes release a red resin © 2020 native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders ) catkins. Light green or whitish bark the sprouting and are up to 80 on! Inconspicuous and do not transform these trees have smooth, light green or bark. Growing to over 100 feet tall United States: white, eastern, lombardy, and floodplain species browsing such! Exist in the northern and western parts of its range, NH, RI, VT for `` balsam-bearing.... Grow to reach different heights, but all of them are fast-growing hemisphere ( North America,,... Heights, but all of them are fast-growing streaked with brown and the leaf margins are notched grows a. Hardwood in the state, but not documented to exist in a single bud scale, growing to over feet...